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What is a Pomeranian?

Patti Kate
Patti Kate

A Pomeranian is a small breed of dog with a thick, fluffy coat and a long, narrow face. Otherwise known as a Pom or dwarf Spitz, this is a lapdog that enjoys bonding with its owner and cuddling. The Pomeranian can make a good companion dog and is typically loyal and devoted to its owner, rarely longing to stray from home.

This breed comes in a variety of colors, including black, white and tan, or a combination of two or more colors. The dog's long fur needs to be groomed regularly because it has a tendency to get matted. These types of dogs are known to be quite vocal at times and are typically prone to barking. This is also a breed that sheds heavily, losing hair on an average of twice per year.

Veterinarian with a puppy
Veterinarian with a puppy

A generally hearty breed, the Pom should provide companionship for 12 to 15 years or beyond. They occasionally are prone to health issues, however, and this could involve problems with the teeth and gums. For this reason, veterinarians suggest these dogs have routine dental care and cleaning.

These are lively dogs that enjoy being active, although they are also well-suited to apartment living. The Pom typically does not require extensive exercise and generally does well with short bouts of playtime and walks. Whether the owner lives in a large house or small apartment, some type of daily activity is recommended for the Pom.

Deriving its name from the location of Pomerania, which is now located in eastern Germany, the Pomeranian is a direct descendant of the Spitz family. This breed had been bred down over generations to become the small toy-size it is now. The Pomeranian breed is also popular in dog shows.

Another lesser-known fact about the Pom is that the breed is often used as a service dog. Considered highly intelligent, Poms are often astute and perceptive to their environment. They are often used in therapeutic healing and have also been known to assist in missions such as seeking out missing persons. The hearing of the Pomeranian is especially sensitive, and this has aided the breed in helping the hearing-impaired manage their daily activities.

The Pomeranian has been associated with and owned by famous historical figures, including Queen Victoria of England, German composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Italian artist Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni. In fact, the world-famous painting of the Sistine Chapel was completed as Michelangelo posed his pet Pom next to him. Many celebrities own this breed of dog as well.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Pomeranian?

A Pomeranian is a small toy breed of dog known for its fluffy double coat, fox-like expression, and vivacious personality. They typically weigh between 3 to 7 pounds and stand about 6 to 7 inches tall at the shoulder. Pomeranians are intelligent, curious, and often have a larger-than-life attitude, making them popular companions.

What is the origin of the Pomeranian breed?

The Pomeranian breed originated from the larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically from the region of Pomerania, which is now part of modern-day Poland and Germany. They were bred down to their smaller size and became popular in the 18th century when they were favored by royalty, including Queen Victoria of England.

How much grooming does a Pomeranian require?

Pomeranians require regular grooming due to their thick double coat. They should be brushed several times a week to prevent matting and tangling, and to manage shedding. Professional grooming every 1 to 2 months is also recommended to keep their coat in top condition and to trim their nails, clean their ears, and care for their teeth.

Are Pomeranians good family pets?

Pomeranians can be excellent family pets if they are socialized properly. They are affectionate and bond closely with their owners. However, due to their small size, they may not be suitable for families with very young children who might accidentally injure them. They thrive in environments where they can be part of the family's daily activities.

What kind of exercise does a Pomeranian need?

Despite their small size, Pomeranians are active and require regular exercise. Daily walks and play sessions are necessary for their physical and mental well-being. They enjoy interactive games and can excel in dog sports like agility, obedience, and rally, which also provide mental stimulation and strengthen the bond with their owner.

What are some common health issues in Pomeranians?

Pomeranians, like many small breeds, are prone to certain health issues. These can include dental problems due to their small mouths, luxating patella (knee issues), and tracheal collapse. They may also be susceptible to heart conditions and skin allergies. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy diet can help manage and prevent some of these issues.

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    • Veterinarian with a puppy
      Veterinarian with a puppy