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How do Parrots Talk?

Amy Pollick
Updated Jun 04, 2024
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We’ve all seen the video clips of parrots singing, saying the Pledge of Allegiance, seemingly responding to questions, etc. But how do parrots talk? Do they actually talk in the way humans understand the word? Yes and no.

Parrots talk in the same way they make their native sounds of chirping, screaming, cooing and other sounds they use within a flock. However, they cannot exactly imitate human speech because they do not form sounds in the same way humans do. Parrots talk or form sounds by expelling air across their syrinx, a distended portion of the trachea. Parrots are in general, intelligent birds, and are social creatures, so it may seem advantageous from a survival standpoint to learn the language of their new “flock” – the humans in their home.

Parrots talk at different ability levels, depending on the species, individual bird and time the owner spends training the bird. Amazons and African Greys in particular, are well known for their ability to talk, as well as to imitate other common household sounds, such as the doorbell or telephone, or even the computer. Some parrot owners declare their parrots know when they are busy, and time their telephone or doorbell sounds to coincide with that circumstance.

There is debate as to how much parrots actually understand of human speech. Are these just sounds, or do they have actual meaning to the bird? Longtime parrot owners will say they have to wonder if their parrots don’t understand at least a few of the words they say, judging by their behavior when they say these words. Parrots, of course, do not have any sort of “naughty” filter, so a bird kept where profanity or crude talk is used, will invariably say these words, and as with a child, usually at the most inappropriate times. The debate will continue to go on about how much parrots understand what they are saying.

Parrots talk to communicate, and possibly to relieve boredom. If a certain sound produces a certain positive result, such as attention or a treat, they are more likely to repeat the behavior. This then, is the desirable way to train a parrot to talk: repetition, treats and affection. An inappropriate word should be ignored completely, while an appropriate word should bring treats and caresses.

Listening to parrots talk is always entertaining, since there is something fascinating about a creature not of our species imitating our behavior. And, there is always the question of whether the parrot knows the impact of what it is saying. Does “I love you” really mean that? Many parrot owners will answer an enthusiastic “yes.”

All Things Nature is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Amy Pollick
By Amy Pollick
Amy Pollick, a talented content writer and editor, brings her diverse writing background to her work at All Things Nature. With experience in various roles and numerous articles under her belt, she crafts compelling content that informs and engages readers across various platforms on topics of all levels of complexity.
Discussion Comments
By anon974080 — On Oct 15, 2014

I think that parrots just copy what they are told.

By christym — On Mar 16, 2011

@calabama71- If you are looking to purchase a talking bird, there are a couple of things to look for. First, when you go to the pet shop, the birds that have the most potential to talk are probably going to be making a lot of noise. Cockatiels, for example, that are chirping and babbling away have the highest likelihood to be talkers. In addition, the males sometimes talk more than the females.

The New World Amazon parrots are big talkers, as well. The Double Yellowhead is one of the best talking parrots. You must work with them at a young age. If they are not trained before they are about a year old, the likelihood of them talking is decreased.

By dill1971 — On Mar 15, 2011

@calabama71- All parrots do not necessarily talk. Some of the smaller parrots, such as parakeets, alexandrine cockatiels, lorikeets, and lovebirds, do not always learn to talk. However, that is not set in stone. Some cockatiels will never speak a word. Others will speak freely.

There are also larger parrots that will not talk. If you are looking for a talking parrot, there are certain kinds that are known for their speaking skills. The red-tailed African Grey parrot is a big talker. This particular parrot has been used in many television shows and movies when a talking bird was needed.

By calabama71 — On Mar 13, 2011

Do all parrots talk?

Amy Pollick
Amy Pollick
Amy Pollick, a talented content writer and editor, brings her diverse writing background to her work at All Things...
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