Parrot aviaries are a practical way to keep birds in a safe and secure enclosure that simulates a natural environment. Bird breeders house their breeding pairs in what is referred to as a breeding aviary. As a practical solution to housing multiple birds, many pet owners construct indoor aviaries. Building an outdoor aviary is a practical solution for those who wish to house several parrots outside. Many outdoor aviaries are temperature controlled, making them suitable for all weather conditions.
Indoor parrot aviaries are sometimes referred to as flight cages, which allow birds to fly in a confined area. Most indoor parrot aviaries are made with non-toxic metal or galvanized wire cage bars. The bars must be spaced appropriately for the safety of the birds. If bars are spaced too far apart, a parrot's head could become trapped, causing serious injury. If bars are spaced too close together, toenails could become snagged and bleed.
The design of an indoor aviary is unlike that of a standard bird cage. Indoor flight cages are designed with less height and greater width than an ordinary parrot cage. This will allow several birds to be housed together, with room to stretch their wings and fly for a short distance.
Outdoor parrot aviaries are often semi-climate controlled, especially in regions with cold climates. This is necessary because parrots are tropical birds and do not tolerate extreme cold. In addition, an outdoor aviary will often be designed with several non-toxic wood branches or perches and large tree stands. This helps simulate a parrot's natural environment. Other parrot aviary accessories include climbing ropes, swings, and various parrot toys.
Another type of parrot aviary is known as a breeding cage. This type of aviary is designed to accommodate breeding pairs of parrots. Each parrot species may have a designated breeding cage. For example, cockatoo pairs may have one enclosure, while conures have a smaller breeding cage.
A breeding aviary may also include a nest box for the breeder birds. Most breeding parrot aviaries will be smaller than flight cages, yet allow ample room for stretching and short-distance flight. Many parrot breeders place their breeding cages side by side, although this may be stressful for some breeding pairs.
Other types of parrot aviaries include gender-specific and mixed-community cages. Some species of parrots are known to fight, and may need to be housed separately. The idea of an all-male or all-female aviary is to prevent stress caused by fighting. Parrot species that get along may be placed in a mixed community aviary or flight cage.