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Wetlands are geographic locations covered with large amounts of water, with some examples being swamps and bogs. Although wetlands can be found in a wide range of locations and climates around the world, many locations are warm throughout much of the year. Some near the equator are warm or hot all year long. The amount of water that wetlands have makes them capable of sustaining a wide variety of plant and animal life. Some common types of wetland animals include reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish and mammals.
Reptiles are cold blooded wetland animals that typically live in sunny locations where they can bask. Crocodiles and alligators are some of the largest reptiles, and have been around for millions of years. A few types of snakes are also found in this type of environment. Common in some wetland areas, the cottonmouth is very venomous, and its bites can kill if they are not quickly treated. In addition, turtles and lizards often make their homes in wetlands, where there is plenty of food.
Amphibians are additional types of wetland animals that usually prefer to live in freshwater as opposed to saltwater. Like reptiles, they are also cold blooded. Some examples of amphibians are frogs, toads and salamanders which all have a similar diet of plants, insects and worms.
There are also several types of birds that are wetland animals, and thrive in these habitats. Some of the more common wetland birds include ducks, geese, waterfowl, egrets and herons. Wetlands serve as beneficial habitats for birds because of the protection that they offer. The dense brush and grass are ideal for birds to hide their eggs from the reach of predators. In addition, there is almost always an ample amount of food available which includes small fish, insects, snakes and frogs.
Like many environments with water, wetlands can also provide a home to numerous types of fish. They can be found in both freshwater and saltwater locations, and are often eaten by animals higher on the food chain. Bass, trout, flounder and mackerel are some of the varieties of fish that live in wetland environments.
In addition, there are a few types of mammals that are wetland animals. Deer, beavers and muskrats are often found in these areas. Unlike cold blooded animals, mammals are warm blooded which means that they can survive in cooler environments. The diet of these creatures usually consists of plants growing near the water's surface and fish.