The Canine Good Citizen Test is a test which was developed by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1989 to assess both dogs and their owners. The goal of the test is to promote well trained, mannerly dogs and responsible dog ownership. Although the AKC is an organization which focuses on the registry and advancement of purebred dogs, any canine is eligible to take the Canine Good Citizen Test. If a dog passes the test, he or she is presented with a certificate.
The basic principles behind the Canine Good Citizen Test have been borrowed and used by organizations all over the world. A pass score on the test may also be required for therapy dogs, service animals, and other working dogs. There can also be some unexpected benefits; for example, in a tight rental market, a rental applicant with a dog which has passed the Canine Good Citizen Test may have a better chance of renting a home or apartment than someone with a dog which has not been certified.
There are ten components to the Canine Good Citizen Test, which are often tested in tandem with each other, and in no particular order. Owners can apply to take the test through local branches of the AKC or through dog training organizations which offer certification. They generally have to pay a small fee, and they are expected to show up with suitable collars and leashes. Training collars and devices are not permitted during the test, and while owners may praise their dogs for good behavior, they may not offer treats. Misbehavior on the part of the dog or its owner is grounds for dismissal.
The ten components of the test start with a basic evaluation of the dog's grooming and appearance. Test evaluators check to see that the dog has current vaccinations and licensing, and that the dog appears healthy and calm. Part of the grooming section of the test involves allowing a stranger such as a veterinarian or test administrator to handle the dog. Testing also includes asking the owner to walk with the dog on a loose lead as though taking a casual walk, and taking the dog through a crowd.
Potential Canine Good Citizens must also respond to basic commands like sit and lie down, and they must stay when asked to do so. If left alone, the dog must stay where it is ordered to and remain calm. In addition, the dog must remain seated and calm when a stranger approaches its handler, and it must submit to a friendly pat. The Canine Good Citizen Test also includes interaction with other dogs, and it tests to see how well dogs perform when they are distracted.
A Canine Good Citizen (CGC) is entitled to wear a tag indicating that he or she has passed the test, and some dog owners include the CGC after their dog's name, much like an academic title. If you are interested in taking your dog to a Canine Good Citizen Test, use your favorite search engine to look for test dates in your area, or ask your veterinarian or local animal shelter about testing details.