We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is Capsicum Frutescens?

By Rebecca Cartwright
Updated Jun 04, 2024
Our promise to you
All Things Nature is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At All Things Nature, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Capsicum frutescens is a species of red pepper known for the pungent, spicy taste of its fruits. Some sources classify it as Capsicum annuum var frutescens. Capsicum frutescens originated in the tropics of Central America and is now naturalized in tropical regions throughout the world. It is a short-lived perennial, growing for more than one year but dying at the end of its second year.

There are several varieties of Capsicum frutescens with different shapes and sizes of fruits. Varieties include Tabasco pepper, hot cherry pepper and bird pepper. Leaf, fruit, and plant characteristics vary somewhat by variety.

Plants average 3 to 5 feet (about 0.9 to 1.5 m) tall and 2 feet (0.6 m) wide. The species has a shrubby growth pattern with a central stem and many twiggy branches. Leaves are narrow and of variable length, from 1.5 to 6 inches (about 4 to 15 cm.) The flowers are small and cream to greenish-white colored. Capsicum frutescens has a relatively extensive root system including a tap-root which varies in length depending on available moisture.

The fruits of Capsicum frutescens range from 0.6 to 1.4 inches (about 1.5 to 3.5 cm.) All are somewhat elongated but the tip varies from a sharp point to a blunt or rounded end. The fruits of all varieties share a very hot, spicy taste and are used as seasoning in cooking. They are often dried and ground into a powder; another common use is in various sauces and condiments. The fruits may sometimes be used green, but are typically harvested when they have ripened to a deep or bright red color.

Although the species is widely cultivated, it also grows wild wherever conditions permit. The plant does well in a variety of soil types from sandy to clay, but reaches maximum size in loose, well-drained soil. It will tolerate both alkaline and acid conditions. Capsicum frutescens will not grow in deep shade and requires full sun for good fruit production. In cultivation the plant is usually grown as a long season annual while wild plants will produce for a second growing season before dying.

Wild plants are typically found in abandoned fields, along roadsides and at the edges of forests. The species grows at altitudes from sea level to 6,550 feet (about 2,000 m.) Capsicum frutescens has no frost tolerance and does not usually grow well where temperatures often dip below 45 degrees F (about 7 degrees C.)

All Things Nature is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
All Things Nature, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

All Things Nature, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.