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The Siamese cat is a breed of domestic cat known for its two-tone coloring, or points, on its ears, face, tail and feet. Early, or traditional, Siamese had more of a stocky build almost like the Burmese, while show, or modern, Siamese have a more elongated, sleek look. The point colors vary and the Cat Fanciers Association recognizes four point colors: seal, chocolate, blue and lilac.
The seal point has the most classic Siamese coloring. It features dark brown points on a light beige body color. The main body color of a seal point Siamese cat is often lighter than that of the chocolate point.
The chocolate point Siamese cat has a light cream body color with warm brown points. Some Siamese colors tend to darken with age, but the chocolate point's body color tends to remain very light in color. The chocolate point may have more point color around the nose than the seal point.
The blue point Siamese cat has blue-gray points with a gray-blue and white body color. Blue points do tend to darken with age, resulting in less white markings on their coats. The stomach and chest areas of a blue point Siamese are often lighter in color that the rest of its body.
The lilac point Siamese cat has a very white body, but some hairs on its white coat are often pinkish gray, giving the coat a frosted look. The points are also a pinkish gray. Lilac point Siamese usually don't darken as they age, but rather keep their whitish coats.
The Siamese cat is said to be very social and people-oriented. Many are known to be quite vocal and use their often strong-sounding voices to communicate with their human companions. Siamese cats are generally quite a healthy breed and are often good eaters. As they age, they tend to gain weight easily and may need a lower calorie diet as recommended by a veterinarian.
The Siamese cat breed dates back to at least 1350 in Siam, which is now Thailand. In the 1800s, these cats began being kept as pets in the West. Interestingly, although these cats always have blue eyes, the eye colors of individual cats vary from pale to deep in intensity and from warm violet blue to cool aqua blue.