A hot blood horse is a horse which has been bred to be very fast and athletic. These horses are famous for their temperaments, and they can be difficult to handle, requiring skilled and experienced riders. Several oriental horse breeds such as the Arabian and the Moroccan Barb are classified as hot bloods, along with the Thoroughbred, a horse developed in England by crossing oriental horses with English horses. There are a number of uses for the hot blood horse, ranging from casual riding to racing, and numerous examples of these horses can be seen around the world.
The original hot blood horse was developed in the Middle East, and it is believed to be descended from a subtype known as the “oriental horse.” The oriental horse is adapted for the hot, dry, desert environment of the Middle East, with a lightweight but surprisingly strong frame, large nostrils, and a small, fine head. These horses are known for being extremely fast, and many have incredible endurance which allows them to keep going in conditions which would kill other horses.
Middle Eastern peoples raised hot blood horses for riding and recreation. These lightweight, strong, intelligent horses were ideally suited to desert life, and some Middle Eastern tribes became quite attached to their horses. Although the hot blood horse is well adapted for desert life, these horses do require appropriate food and special care, which can be difficult and expensive to obtain in the desert, so the ownership of a horse was a sign of wealth and power among many Middle Eastern peoples historically.
When the fast and temperamental hot blood horse was introduced to Europe, English breeders crossed it with established English breeds, attempting to bring out the best of both breeds. The result was the Thoroughbred, a hot blood horse which is famous for its speed, especially on the race track. Thoroughbreds share the traits of athleticism, speed, intelligence, and awareness which make the hot blood horse so popular in the Middle East.
Owning a hot blood horse is not for the faint of heart. As their name implies, these horses can be extremely temperamental and difficult to handle, even when well trained. They require skilled, experienced riders who are sensitive to their needs and not afraid to discipline their horses when they behave inappropriately. The reward for owning a hot blood horse is fierce loyalty, beautiful athleticism, immense speed, and incredible endurance. These horses are often owned by wealthy people who can afford their upkeep and take time to handle their horses on a daily basis.