Many people choose to keep ball pythons as pets for a variety of reasons, including the fact that, unlike some pythons, they do not generally grow very large. Ball pythons typically also have relatively gentle temperaments as adults, which is often important to pet owners. Many people also choose reptiles as pets because reptiles generally do not trigger allergies. On the other hand, ball pythons that are not properly contained can escape inside a home and may be very difficult to locate. They can also develop various health conditions, including mites, and it may be a challenge to maintain proper conditions within their habitat.
While many people have aversions to snakes, some people enjoy raising them. The popularity of ball pythons as pets is primarily due to their size, as they typically do not grow much longer than 3 feet (0.9 m) in length. In addition, they are not particularly active creatures, so they can be kept in relatively small habitats that can easily fit into most homes. Difficulties arise, however, when a ball python grows much larger than expected. If the household is not prepared to deal with or accommodate a very large snake, the owners may be facing the difficult task of finding a new home for the animal.
Experts also warn that, while ball pythons are generally inactive, they will often escape if given the opportunity. Once a ball python goes missing in a home, finding him can be a challenge, particularly if the home has central heat or air conditioning, as the animal may escape into the ventilation system. While this possible consequence of keeping ball pythons as pets can generally be addressed by ensuring that the snake's habitat has a secure lid, it is possible for a ball python to escape during habitat cleaning or even when it is being handled by its owner.
Ball pythons tend to not eat very much and may do fine being fed as little as once a week and may, in some cases, fast for extended periods of time. While this can be an attractive feature of keeping ball pythons as pets, as an owner does not need to spend a lot of time or money on feeding and pet food, some pythons may refuse to eat to their own detriment. Responsible pet owners then may have to resort to force feeding the python, which can be a challenging and unpleasant experience for both snake and owner.