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There are more than 220 corn snake morphs, or varieties, each with different colors and patterns. The four original corn snake morphs are normal, albino or amelanistic, snow and anerythristic. There is a large variety in the appearances and colors found in corn snakes, so reptile hobbyists often call this the designer snake. It also is one of the best snakes to have as a pet.
While it is hard to count every type of corn snake morph, because they are bread often and new morphs are always being created, it all started with four morphs. The normal corn snake has the original coloring — an orange body with red spots outlined in black — and these are the ones found in the wild. The albino corn snake morph, also called amelanistic, lacks the black pigment and has an orange body with darker orange blotches and white accents. Snow corn snakes are a combination of the anerythristic and amelanistic morphs, which results in snakes that have red eyes and very light peach-colored spots on a white body. The anerythristic corn snake is lacking the red pigment, so its body is gray with darker gray blotches that sometimes turn brown and are surrounded by a black band.
The corn snake is found all over the eastern part of the United States, in the piney areas of New Jersey down through Louisiana and Florida. The corn snake region also extends west into Tennessee. When first born, the corn snake is about 9 to 14 inches (22.9 cm to 35.6 cm) but it will grow to be as long as 5 feet (1.5 m). In captivity, corn snake morphs will live for as long as 10 years.
There are a few theories as to how the corn snake got its name. Some believe it is because their scale pattern resembles maize, or Indian corn. Others believe the name was given to these snakes simply because of their preference for inhabiting cornfields, where the snake’s favorite meal — mice — also can be found.
For those looking for a pet snake, any of the corn snake morphs is a great choice. Corn snakes are very docile and don’t mind being handled. They are attractive, with a range of colors in hundreds of variations. Corn snakes also do not get too large and do not require a hard-to-maintain habitat to thrive. All corn snake morphs dine on mice, which are usually easy for a snake owner to obtain.