We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Are Parenchyma Cells?

By Victoria Blackburn
Updated Jun 04, 2024
Our promise to you
All Things Nature is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At All Things Nature, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Parenchyma cells are a type of cell found within most plants. Like animals, plants have cells that are specialized for different functions. Parenchyma cells are simple cells that are not specialized, but they do occur within almost all plant tissues. Cells that are found within plants are often grouped into a specific type based on the size of the cell wall surrounding the cell and also if the cell is living or dead. Other types of cells that make up tissues within plants are collenchyma cells and sclerenchyma cells.

Each parenchyma cell is surrounded by a thin cell wall that contains cellulose. Within the cell well is the cell membrane, which controls what enters and leaves the cell. The center of the cell is filled by a very large vacuole and all the other organelles, including the nucleus and chloroplasts, are found pushed to the edge of the cell by the vacuole.

If the vacuole within the cell is full of water, it is said to be turgid. Packed together in the stems and leaves, turgid parenchyma cells provide support for herbaceous plants. These types of plants do not have a woody stem, so they die down to the soil level at the end of each growing season.

These cells are usually round, or spherical, in shape, but they can be pushed into other shapes by the cells that are surrounding them. Most processes of plant metabolism occur within parenchyma cells, and due to the large vacuole, they can be used to store food and water. When studying plant cells, these are often the types of cells that are observed due to their simplistic nature.

Almost every part of a non-woody plant has some parenchyma cells within it. Depending on where the cell is found, it carries out a different function. The fact that different functions occur with a parenchyma cell in different parts of the plant means that the structure of the cell can also vary.

The area where parenchyma cells are found within leaves is called the mesophyll. Due to the fact that they contain chloroplasts, the cells appear green. This means that photosynthesis takes place within these cells. During the process of photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water is converted into glucose and oxygen. Energy for the process is obtained from sunlight.

Once glucose is produced, it can then be stored in the parenchyma cells found within other parts of the plant. In most cases, storage takes place within the roots of a plant. Food can also be stored within tubers, seeds and fruits that the plant produces.

All Things Nature is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
All Things Nature, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

All Things Nature, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.