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What are Lenticular Clouds?

Mary McMahon
Updated Jun 04, 2024
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Lenticular clouds are unique clouds which typically form around hills and mountains, as a result of the way that the air moves. These clouds look quite distinctive, like giant flying saucers or something like lopsided stacks of pancakes. Many famous mountains around the world are often photographed with a cap of these clouds, including Mount Shasta and Mount Fuji.

You may also hear these clouds called altocumular standing lenticularis. They form when a current of moist air is forced upwards as it travels over a mountain, causing the moisture to condense and form a cloud. Sometimes the air is forced into a wave pattern, generating what is known as a wave cloud. Wave clouds can look like strings of discs spreading out from the leeward side of the mountain. They can also form miniature waves which sometimes look exactly like a choppy sea.

One interesting thing about lenticular clouds is that they look like they are perfectly stationary and frozen in time. This is not, in fact, the case. These clouds appear stationary because the flow of moist air continually resupplies the cloud from the windward side even as water evaporates and vanishes from the leeward side. These clouds can look like they are hovering for hours or days, until the wind or weather changes and the cloud disperses.

Observing and identifying lenticular clouds is generally fairly easy, because the clouds are so distinctive. If you ever see a cloud which looks like a flying saucer, a lens, or a giant beret, you're looking at a lenticular cloud. If you look around the cloud, you may see a geographical feature which is creating the conditions which lead to the formation of these clouds. If you don't see a mountain or hill, there is probably a current of air running in the opposite direction to create a wave cloud.

Many people enjoy photographing lenticular clouds because they look unusual and they can be quite stunning. If you happen to live near a mountain which is often wrapped with a lenticular cloud, you may find it interesting to photograph it every day, looking at the way the cloud moves and changes with the weather. After a few years, you may find yourself able to make weather predictions based on the presence, position, and shape of the cloud.

All Things Nature is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a All Things Nature researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
By anon261886 — On Apr 17, 2012

What types of weather do lenticular clouds bring?

By Suzie Dsouza — On Feb 05, 2011

These kinds of clouds are usually found on the peak of the mountain or mountainous regions.

By anon72581 — On Mar 23, 2010

what is the elevation range for lenticular and kelvin helmholtz clouds?

By anon69523 — On Mar 08, 2010

what weather does a lenticular cloud bring?

By anon63818 — On Feb 03, 2010

what type of weather follows the lenticlar cloud or what weather does it bring?

By anon56393 — On Dec 14, 2009

what type of weather does a lenticular cloud bring?

By anon25139 — On Jan 24, 2009

what is the height of a lenticular cloud?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

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