It is estimated that approximately over 260,000 deaths have been caused by volcanic eruptions since the 1700s. An excessive accumulation of molten rock and debris from the Earth’s crust causes volcanoes to erupt and release molten lava that reaches temperatures of around 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit (1,250 degrees Celsius). Volcanic eruptions can also cause dangerous floods, mudslides, and tsunamis in addition to the flows of hot lava. One of the most fatal volcanic eruptions occurred in 1883 on the Indonesia island of Krakatoa and killed approximately 36,000 people, followed by the 1902 eruption of French Caribbean Island Mount Pelee, which killed around 30,000 people.
More about volcanoes :
- One of the first recorded eruptions was Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in Italy in AD 79 and is thought to have killed around 16,000 people when it destroyed the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
- The tallest volcano in the solar system is Olympus Mons, which is located on the planet Mars and has an elevation of over 88,000 feet (27,000 m).
- Approximately 1,900 volcanoes are considered by geologists to be active with the potential for eruption.